Sharksonline's Blog

Shark attack facts

Posted on: November 20, 2010

Shark attack fact number one: The odds of you getting attack are very rare.  You are more likely to get hit by lighting and die.

Shark attack fact number two is: There are three different attack the first one is  the Hit-and-run attack – usually non-fatal, the shark bites and then leaves.

The 2nd one is a Sneak attack – deep water attack, can be fatal.

And the last one is  Bump-and-bite attack – the shark bumps before biting.

The reason for the attacks:

Reason one is the sharks are very curious creature and will find out if it is prey or not. And the 2nd reason most sharks that attack are young and have no idea what it is about to attack.

And sharks have no hand so they use there teeth to find out this called a  exploratory bite. After one bite they swim away.

Sharks normally make one swift attack and then retreat to wait for the victim to die or exhaust itself before returning to feed. This protects the shark from injury from a wounded and aggressive target. However it also allows humans time to get out of the water and survive. Shark attacks may also occur due to territorial reasons or as dominance over another shark species, resulting in an attack.

How to prevention a shark attack:

  • avoiding the water at dawn, dusk, or night, when sharks tend to feed.
  • avoiding areas where sharks generally locate themselves, such as murky waters and steep drop-offs.
  • avoiding swimming alone, always being near a group of people, and if possible, avoiding being at the edge of the group.
  • refraining from excess splashing or movement.
  • preventing pets from entering the water.
  • avoiding shiny jewelry, tan lines and bright clothing, all of which can attract sharks. Like yellow and red black it a safe color most of the time.
  • avoiding entering water if bleeding from an open wound or if menstruating.
  • avoiding areas where the remains of fish have been discarded into the water, such as near fishermen cleaning their catch.

Only four have been involved in a significant number of fatal unprovoked attacks on humans: The great white, tiger, bull and the oceanic whitetip. These sharks are large and powerful predators they may sometimes attack and kill people. However they have all been filmed in open water by unprotected divers.

Modern day statistics show the oceanic whitetip shark as being seldom involved in unprovoked attacks. However, there have been a number of attacks involving this species, particularly during World War I and World War II. The oceanic whitetip lives in the open sea and rarely shows up near coasts, where most recorded incidents occur. During the world wars many ship and aircraft disasters happened in the open ocean, and due to its former abundance the oceanic whitetip was often the first species on site when such a disaster happened.

Infamous examples of oceanic whitetip attacks include the sinking of the Nova Scotia, a steamship carrying 1000 people, that was sunk near South Africa by a German submarine in World War II. Only 192 people survived, with many deaths attributed to the oceanic whitetip shark. Another example was the torpedoing of the USS Indianapolis on 30 July 1945, giving a minimal figure of 60–80 killed by oceanic whitetips. Some survivors stated that tiger sharks were involved too.

The four species responsible for a significant number of fatal attacks on humans, a number of other species have attacked humans without being provoked, and have on extremely rare occasions been responsible for a human death. This group includes the shortfin mako, hammerhead, Galapagos, gray reef, blacktip reef, lemon, silky, and blue sharks. These sharks are also large, powerful predators which can be provoked simply by being in the water at the wrong time and place, but they are normally considered less dangerous to humans than the previous group. A few other shark species do attack people every year, producing wounds that can potentially kill, but this occurs either specifically because they have been provoked, or through mistaken identity due to water conditions or the like. But every year only an average of 41 people are killed by sharks, while over 100 million sharks are killed every year, a portion of which due to the demand for shark fin soup.

All of this info is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shark_attack

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